The hip is one of the joints most affected by injuries and degeneration of bones and cartilage. For this reason, proper treatment carried out by a hip specialist traumatologist is important to help prevent chronic injuries that affect the patient’s quality of life.
What are the most common hip pathologies?
The hip is the joint that serves as a junction for the femur and the pelvis, it is one of the joints of the human body most affected by age. In many cases, hip pathologies are due to a degeneration of the bones and tendons.
Depending on the causes and symptoms, numerous hip injuries are differentiated. One of the most common is hip bursitis, which is caused by an inflammation of the synovial bag of the trochanter. The bursa protects the hip from impacts and contributes to joint mobility.
The trochanters, characterized by inflammation of the trochanter is out of the femur located in the upper leg. In these cases, the patient often experiences radiating pain down the leg.
Another of the most common hip injuries, especially among athletes, is hip pain. This pathology is produced by an affectation to the muscles of the inguinal area, caused by repetitive movements of the joint. Finally, hip osteoarthritis is one of the most common pathologies, characterized by wear and tear and degeneration of the hip bones, which can cause hip fractures or breaks.
Causes of hip injuries
Hip injuries do not have a specific cause, however, there are common causes observable in most patients with hip pathologies. First, muscle imbalances, that is progressive loss of strength in the hip muscles that increases the risk of injury. In these cases, it is common for the patient to also have a lack of flexibility in the area.
In addition, as mentioned, one of the most frequent causes of hip pathologies is age, which accelerates the degeneration of bones and cartilage, increasing the chances of suffering a joint injury.
Finally, overtraining or overexertion of the joint can be the cause of various injuries, as it causes muscle fatigue in the area.
Symptoms of hip pathologies
Usually, hip pathologies are manifested by acute pain in the joint that, in many cases, radiates along the legs. It is common for this pain to appear accompanied by inflammation and immobility in the area, so the patient will experience difficulty in performing certain movements.
Sometimes, the patient may have a sensation of heat in the area, especially in those cases in which inflammation appears. As well as, weakness and immobility in the hips and legs.
Diagnosis of hip injuries
When the patient goes to the hip specialist traumatologist showing symptoms of a hip injury, in the first place, he will undergo a physical examination, in which the possible existing inflammation will be studied, as well as those points in which he experiences greater pain.
In most cases, especially those in which there is a suspicion of a hip break or fracture, it will be necessary for the patient to undergo diagnostic imaging tests, such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging, to expand the available information.
Best treatments for hip injuries
Once a complete diagnosis of the injury has been made, the most appropriate treatment for each patient will be prescribed. In the first place, it is usually advisable to carry out a period of rest, which is accompanied by the application of cold in the area. The patient is usually prescribed an anti-inflammatory treatment, which helps to relieve existing pain.
In cases of inflammatory and muscular hip injuries, physiotherapy treatment can offer good results, since it contributes to the strengthening of the area and, therefore, reduces the risk of future injuries.
Surgery for hip injuries
In cases of advanced osteoarthritis, or hip breaks and fractures, the most recurrent treatment is surgery. There are different types of hip surgery, one of the most common being the implantation of a prosthesis made with synthetic material, which can assume the function of the joint.
In other cases, it is decided to perform a bone repair, through the implantation of screws and surgical material, which allows the joint to regain mobility.
Tips to prevent hip injuries
In those cases, in which hip injuries are caused by a degeneration of the joint, it is difficult to establish guidelines to avoid them. However, there are certain recommendations, which may be helpful in protecting the hip joint from short-term and long-term injury.
In the first place, it is important to control body weight, since the higher the BMI the pressure on the joint will be greater and, therefore, the risk of bone and tendon degeneration, as well. In addition, it is important to treat the injuries correctly and apply a treatment prescribed by a specialized traumatologist. In this way, the relapse of injuries will be avoided, as well as the appearance of new pathologies.
It is advisable to carry out exercises that help strengthen the hip muscles, as well as avoid sports practices that imply an excessive impact on the joint.