Arthritis is a common pathology among the elderly, which can be limiting and affect the performance of basic activities. For this reason, individualized treatment is important to help slow its development.
What is arthritis?
Arthritis is a degenerative disease that affects a large percentage of the population. It is characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the joints and cartilage, as it is a degenerative disease the symptoms worsen with age.
What are the causes of arthritis?
The causes of arthritis are very diverse, although in most cases they are due to progressive degradation of the cartilage that surrounds the bones. In other cases, the onset of arthritis may be related to injury or trauma to the joints.
In the case of patients with autoimmune diseases, the development of arthritis is common, this is because the autoimmune system affects the healthy cells of the body, including bone and cartilage cells. On other occasions, arthritis is the result of bacteria, fungi or viruses that access the joint through the bloodstream, this infection can be contracted during surgery or from an injury.
Types of arthritis
Depending on the symptoms experienced by the patient and the causes of arthritis, different types can be differentiated. First of all, one of the most common types is rheumatoid arthritis, this is characterized by causing inflammation in the lining of the joints, which causes pain, inflammation and can even cause deformation in the joints.
Second, psoriatic arthritis is different, it develops in patients with psoriasis and can affect any part of the body. In most cases, patients experience stiffness and inflammation in the joints.
Lastly, osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is due to wear and tear of cartilage, in most cases caused by age and degeneration of bones and joints.
Symptoms of arthritis
As explained, the main symptoms of arthritis are usually characterized by acute pain in the joints that, in many cases, appears accompanied by inflammation in the area. In addition, it is common for the patient to experience stiffness and immobility, which can affect the practice of their usual activities.
Diagnosis of arthritis
Before the appearance of joint pain, inflammation or immobility, the patient should go to a specialist traumatologist who can make a complete diagnosis. First, a physical examination and a complete blood test will be performed, which will detect abnormalities.
A joint aspiration may be carried out, in which, using a needle, a sample of the joint fluid will be removed. In most cases of arthritis, it is necessary to carry out complementary tests, such as X-rays or MRIs, to obtain more information about the state of the patient’s joints.
Treatments for arthritis
Once a complete study has been carried out and the traumatologist has already made the diagnosis, the most appropriate treatment for the patient will be studied. It should be taken into account that arthritis is a degenerative disease, therefore, the goal of treatment will be to alleviate the symptoms and stop the development of the disease.
In the first place, anti-inflammatory treatment is usually prescribed with the objective of relieving pain, in addition, it may be recommended that the patient goes to an orthopaedic in which custom insoles are made, which stop the deformation of the bones of the foot.
In many patients, physiotherapy to treat arthritis offers very positive results, since it allows them to work and regain mobility, to a greater or lesser degree. In the most severe cases in which the disease affects the quality of life of the patient, the orthopaedic specialist in minimally invasive surgery may evaluate a surgery that slows the progression of arthritis.
In many cases it cannot be prevented, however, there are certain guidelines for the prevention of osteoarthritis. As well, avoiding certain risk factors can be very beneficial. It’s about lifestyle changes. Orthopaedic Doctor in Vadodara offers the most innovative medical advances to treat trauma pathologies.
First, bodyweight must be controlled to limit and avoid excessive pressure on bones and joints that accelerates wear and tear and degeneration of the bone system. In addition, it is recommended to avoid alcohol and tobacco, since they reduce the blood supply that reaches the bones,
On the other hand, injuries must be treated correctly and by a professional, to avoid chronic injuries that increase the risk of arthritis. As well as, avoid impact sports and include strength exercises in the sports routine.