Pain Management

Introduction

After any type of surgery pain is necessary. So every doctor and nurses are try to give all their effort to control your pain through medicines or any different type of therapies that called Pain management.

Methods of Pain Management

Surgeons and their patients are increasingly using alternative methods, such as relaxation techniques and acupuncture, to supplement conventional medicine. A combined approach to pain management is often the best option because it allows the surgeon to tailor pain control methods to each individual patient.

1.) Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

In transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) a special device transmits low-level electrical charges into the area of the body that is in pain.

A TENS system consists of a small, battery-powered machine connected by wires to a pair of electrodes. The two electrodes are connected to your skin near the source of pain or at a pressure point. A mild electrical current travels through your skin and along your nerve fibers which may cause a warm, tingling sensation. A typical TENS session lasts anywhere from 5 to 15 minutes.

2.) Continuous Passive Motion (CPM)

Continuous passive motion (CPM) is a technique in which your joint is moved constantly in a mechanical splint to prevent stiffness and increase range of motion. A CPM machine moves your joint for you without requiring you to exert any effort.

Medical evidence indicates that in many cases immobilization increases pain after surgery. As a result, early motion has been applied to many orthopaedic problems.

3.) Acupuncture

Acupuncture points tend to be areas of your skin that contain relatively large amounts of intersecting nerve endings that feed into your muscles or bones. Some scientists believe that these “acupoints” possess special electrical characteristics that can be manipulated using painless hair-thin needles.

A typical acupuncture procedure lasts for about 30 minutes. Treatments are used to relieve local pain and swelling, as well as to provide a more general feeling of relaxation due to the release of your body’s natural painkillers, called endorphins.

Because each acupoint is responsible for producing effects in different areas of the body, it is important to be clear with your provider about the specific area and intensity of your pain. The acupuncturist can then target the correct acupoint.

4.) Psychological Method

Psychological Methods can be effective as an additional treatment for pain control. This methods reduce or eliminate the need of medicine. Some of oldest and best psychological methods include Relaxation Techniques, Guided Imagery, Medical Hypnosis.