Stress is a pathology that has more and more weight in society, a large percentage of the population deals with anxiety in their day-to-day lives. This tension can affect the muscles, causing aches and pains that directly affect the quality of life of the patient. It is important to know how to identify it and go to a professional who can help manage it.

What is the relationship between stress and injury?

Stress affects a large percentage of the population, having direct consequences on health. In the case of muscles, stress is a factor that can significantly aggravate injuries and pathologies.

As has been known, stress has a direct power on the muscles of the human body, being able to cause muscle stiffness, as well as muscle contraction. In addition, stress increases the risk of developing muscle tension and muscle injuries, which can negatively affect the quality of life of the patient and the performance of their usual activities.

What is muscle tension?

Muscle tension is one that is produced by the contraction of one or more muscles, usually caused by a situation of general stress. This type of tension can favor the development of more serious pathologies, as well as affect the general health of the patient.

Causes of muscle tension

The main causes of muscle tension are related to psychological pathologies, such as stress and anxiety. In many cases, muscle tension arises as a consequence of inadequate management of stressful situations in the patient’s life.

Symptoms of muscle tension

The symptoms of stress are very diverse and can vary depending on each patient and their physical and mental characteristics. However, it is common for patients with muscle tension to experience a throbbing headache that, in many cases, spreads to the cervical, neck and shoulders. In many cases, the headache can be accompanied by a feeling of dizziness or disorientation.

On the other hand, it is common for the patient to suffer acute muscle pain in the affected area, which may be accompanied by immobility or joint weakness. Patients with muscle tension often have difficulty falling asleep, which causes insufficient muscle rest, which aggravates the symptoms.

How is muscle tension diagnosed?

When the patient goes to the specialist manifested muscular tension, a physical examination will be carried out, in which the areas in which the greatest discomfort or pain is experienced will be studied. In addition, a study of the patient’s previous medical history should be carried out, in order to check if there is a history of psychological pathologies.

In some cases, it will be necessary to carry out diagnostic imaging tests, in order to rule out other types of pathologies.

Treatments for muscle tension

Once a full diagnosis has been made, an appropriate treatment will be prescribed to help the muscle tension have minimal consequences on the patient’s health. In the first place, the application of heat in the affected area is recommended, as well as a treatment based on anti-inflammatories, which helps to relieve pain in the patient.

In addition, physical therapy can provide good results in the treatment of muscle tension, since it contributes to muscle relaxation and provides guidelines for the patient to correct and modify their posture.

In most cases, preventive treatment of muscle tension is recommended, which helps to avoid new relapses, as well as, to control the patient over his emotions and his muscles. For this reason, the practise of diaphragmatic breathing techniques and autogenic training can be very beneficial, which helps reduce anxiety, working concentration on bodily sensations.

Prevention of muscle tension

As seen, in most cases, muscle tension can be prevented by doing anxiety management work. For this, it is important to practice relaxation techniques and carry out control over-breathing. In this type of pathology, preventive treatment acquires great importance.

On the other hand, it is recommended to practice sports constantly. In this way, the patient will experience muscle fatigue, which will help to fall asleep and, therefore, a lower level of anxiety.

In many cases, it can be very beneficial to have psychological help to help manage feelings and anxiety, which will be helpful in preventing the onset of muscle tension.

Disciplines that help prevent muscle tension

There are certain disciplines that can be beneficial to prevent muscle tension, for example, Pilates or yoga. Both disciplines focus on posture control and postural relaxation.

In addition, swimming can be very useful in releasing muscle tension and helping with stress management.